For my Masters research I explored the role of the politics, science, experts, and policy makers in the extension and further development of the ‘Big Pipe’, also known as the York Durham Sewer System. I examined the case of Robinson Creek, a tributary of the Rouge River that crosses the Big Pipe in northern Markham.

Environmentalists believed that the construction of the Big Pipe has significantly damaged local watersheds. Supporters of the project say that any impacts can be mitigated. At the centre of this debate are questions regarding the scientific studies used by both side of the issue and the role of experts within the policy formation process. My supervisor was Dr. L. Anders Sandberg.